WASHINGTON -— It's the political cure-all for high gas prices: Drill here, drill now. But more U.S. drilling has not changed how deeply the gas pump drills into your wallet, math and history show.

A statistical analysis of 36 years of monthly, inflation-adjusted gasoline prices and U.S. domestic oil production by The Associated Press shows no statistical correlation between how much oil comes out of U.S. wells and the price at the pump.

If more domestic oil drilling worked as politicians say, you'd now be paying about $2 a gallon for gasoline. Instead, you're paying the highest prices ever for March.

Political rhetoric about the blame over gas prices and the power to change them — whether Republican claims now or Democrats' charges four years ago — is not supported by cold, hard figures. And that's especially true about oil drilling in the U.S. More oil production in the United States does not mean consistently lower prices at the pump.

Sometimes prices increase as American drilling ramps up. That's what has happened in the past three years. Since February 2009, U.S. oil production has increased 15 percent when seasonally adjusted. Prices in those three years went from $2.07 per gallon to $3.58. It was a case of drilling more and paying much more.

U.S. oil production is back to the same level it was in March 2003, when gas cost $2.10 per gallon when adjusted for inflation. But that's not what prices are now.

That's because oil is a global commodity and U.S. production has only a tiny influence on supply. Factors far beyond the control of a nation or a president dictate the price of gasoline.

When you put the inflation-adjusted price of gas on the same chart as U.S. oil production since 1976, the numbers sometimes go in the same direction, sometimes in opposite directions. If drilling for more oil meant lower prices, the lines on the chart would consistently go in opposite directions. A basic statistical measure of correlation found no link between the two, and outside statistical experts confirmed those calculations.

"Drill, baby, drill has nothing to do with it," said Judith Dwarkin, chief energy economist at ITG investment research. Two other energy economists said the same thing and experts in the field have been making that observation for decades.

The statistics directly contradict the title of GOP presidential candidate Newt Gingrich's 2008 book "Drill Here, Drill Now, Pay Less," as well as the campaign-trail claims from the GOP presidential candidates.

Earlier this month, GOP front-runner Mitt Romney said of his solution to higher gas prices: "I can cut through the baloney ... and just tell him, 'Mr. President, open up drilling in the Gulf, open up drilling in ANWR (the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge). Open up drilling in continental shelf, drill in North Dakota, drill in Oklahoma and Texas.'"

On Wednesday, with President Barack Obama traveling to oil and gas production fields on federal lands, Crossroads GPS, a nonprofit arm of a super PAC supporting GOP candidates, released a new ad to air in the same states that Obama was visiting. It accused Obama of restricting oil development in America and concludes "bad energy policies mean energy prices we can't afford."

The late 1980s and 1990s show exactly how domestic drilling is not related to gas prices.

Seasonally adjusted U.S. oil production dropped steadily from February 1986 until three years ago. But starting in March 1986, inflation-adjusted gas prices fell below the $2-a-gallon mark and stayed there for most of the rest of the 1980s and 1990s. Production between 1986 and 1999 dropped by nearly one-third. If the drill-now theory were correct, prices should have soared. Instead they went down by nearly a dollar.

The AP analysis used Energy Department figures for regular unleaded gas prices adjusted for inflation to 2012 dollars, oil production and oil demand. The figures go back to January 1976, the earliest the Energy Department keeps figures on unleaded gas prices. Phil Hanser, an economist and statistician at the energy consulting firm The Brattle Group; University of South Carolina statistics professor John Grego; New York University statistics professor Edward Melnick and David Peterson, a retired Duke University statistics professor, looked at the analysis, ran their own calculations, including several complicated formulas, and came to the same conclusion.

When U.S. production goes up, the price of gas "is certainly not going down," Melnick said. "The data does not suggest that whatsoever."

The calculations "help make the point that U.S. production and demand have little to do with the price of gasoline in the U.S., and lend support to the notion that there is not a great deal we in the U.S., acting alone, can do to affect the price of gasoline," Peterson wrote in an email. He pointed out that Energy Department figures show that gas prices in the U.S. seem to rise and fall similarly to gas prices in Europe, showing that it has little to do with American drilling.

And that's the key. It's a world market, economists say.

Unlike natural gas or electricity, the United States alone does not have the power to change the supply-and-demand equation in the world oil market, said Christopher Knittel, a professor of energy economics at MIT. American oil production is about 11 percent of the world's output, so even if the U.S. were to increase its oil production by 50 percent — that is more than drilling in the Arctic, increased public-lands and offshore drilling, and the Canadian pipeline would provide — it would at most cut gas prices by 10 percent.

"There are not many markets where the United States can't impose its will on market outcomes," Knittel said. "This is one we can't, and it's hard for the average American to understand that and it's easy for politicians to feed off that."

If drilling activity rises around the globe for a sustained period of time, gasoline prices can fall as that new supply eventually finds its way to market, but the U.S. can't do it alone, oil analysts say.

Politicians — especially those in the party that's not occupying the White House — have long harped on high gas prices when expedient. Then-Sen. Barack Obama said in 2008, when he was running for president, that "here in Ohio, you're paying nearly $3.70 a gallon for gas, 2-1/2 times what it cost when George Bush took office."

But Obama, who has seen gas prices go up 73 percent since he took office, was singing a different tune last week in his weekly radio address: "The truth is: The price of gas depends on a lot of factors that are often beyond our control. Unrest in the Middle East can tighten global oil supply. Growing nations like China or India adding cars to the road increases demand. But one thing we should control is fraud and manipulation that can cause prices to spike even further."

The political party of the president doesn't seem to matter to the price at the pump either. Since 1976, the average monthly gas price, adjusted for inflation, during Democratic presidencies has been $2.25; under Republicans it's been $2.34. Obama had the steepest monthly average at $3.05 and Bill Clinton the cheapest at $1.68.

When Bush and running mate Dick Cheney campaigned in 2000, they argued that as oil executives they could get oil prices down, with Bush saying, "I would work with our friends in OPEC to convince them to open up the spigot, to increase the supply."

Yet it was during the last few months of Bush's term in 2008 that gas prices hit their highest: $4.27 when adjusted for inflation.

(8) comments

Pablo J
Pablo J

[quote]jmaldron said: "Obama will have you believe we have only 2% of the world's reseves but use 20% of the worlds demand. Number one, you are comparing percentages of different things and anyone that knows anything about math can tell you that averaging 50% of a dozen eggs with 50% of a case of eggs does not equal %50 of either. Number two, companies only keep limited amounts of their reserves on the books because they get taxed on them. In the 1970's Jimmy Carter told us we would run out of natural gas in 10 years because that is what our reserves were. Natural gas is now, 30 years later, at almost record lows because there is so much of it."[/quote]

First off, you obviously don't understand what "reserves" are. Second, the US uses 25% of daily world production. It has nothing to do with tax books or anything like that. Reserves are what is in the ground waiting to be removed for use. These are not percentages they are usage numbers ie 19 million barrels a day in the US are used up. We have 21 billion barrels in reserves. Simple math using data will tell you the state of things. For some real eye opening data look at the CIA website for oil reserves and oil consumption, educate yourself on the subject then come back and we'll discuss.

Jim Stewart
Jim Stewart

The Associated Press and other media coverage was a lot different when gas prices spiked under President Bush. Back in 2008 the media blamed Bush while in 2012 they claim there's not much a president can do to influence gas prices. Media cheerleaders indeed.

jmaldron
jmaldron

[quote]Pablo J said: "We use 6.9 billion barrels of oil a year in the US that is roughly 25% of world consumption, according to the most recent estimates using current technology to remove oil from the ground we have 21 billion in reserves in the US. You can do the math yourself, but realistically, that plan only works on paper and only when you don't have all the facts."[/quote]

Obama will have you believe we have only 2% of the world's reseves but use 20% of the worlds demand. Number one, you are comparing percentages of different things and anyone that knows anything about math can tell you that averaging 50% of a dozen eggs with 50% of a case of eggs does not equal %50 of either. Number two, companies only keep limited amounts of their reserves on the books because they get taxed on them. In the 1970's Jimmy Carter told us we would run out of natural gas in 10 years because that is what our reserves were. Natural gas is now, 30 years later, at almost record lows because there is so much of it.

jmaldron
jmaldron

When gas prices were this high the last time, Bush announced we would start drilling everywhere and everything. That announcement alone dropped gas prices almost overnight. Oil prices are indeed global but even global prices are affected by supply and demand. If you flood the global market with oil you drop the price. More importantly, prices are based on futures trading that have people betting on whether the price will go up or down. Obama knows this very well and used it to try and get people to start buying coal burning cars by stifling the amount of supply from this country, making futers gamblers bet the oil prices would go up and thus increasing the price of oil. Prices were this high under Bush but within a few months gas was well under $2 a gallon. All by him changing the outlook of the betting people. Obama also saw this but he wanted to increase the price to further the global warming agenda he wished was true but has been proven false. Just like any lier the lies work until you get caught. Obama thought he had the perfect storm brewing and then all the climate-gate lies started to be made public. Obama wanted gas prices to be where they are now and he suceeded. Now they are hurting him though for re-election so he will change his stance for a few months. South Dakota would never re-elect him so this is like the choir preaching. Watch this with interest though. Obama has done everything he could to destroy the country we know but he hasn't had quite enough time. He still has a huge following that would love to see us be socialistic. We are too small to de-rail that so all we can do is sit back and watch to see how brain washed other parts of the country might be.

Pablo J
Pablo J

[quote]Factsonly said: "Perfect timing for the lib press to make claims using statistics supporting their agenda. There are also business models that will show favorable probability that if the US and North America were to pump enough oil (closer to 25% of overall demand) and stop supporting the world production market (hype) -- we produce what we need here, and we also build just 2 or 3 gasoline refineries. The prices at the pump here would take a dive, and this trend would not allow the OPECsters to speculate pricing up. Statistical studies are guesses at predicting reality, and in this industry, claims like this mean nothing. Pump more here, limit exports, refine it, and deliver it. Do these things and watch what happens."[/quote]

We use 6.9 billion barrels of oil a year in the US that is roughly 25% of world consumption, according to the most recent estimates using current technology to remove oil from the ground we have 21 billion in reserves in the US. You can do the math yourself, but realistically, that plan only works on paper and only when you don't have all the facts.

Factsonly
Factsonly

Perfect timing for the lib press to make claims using statistics supporting their agenda. There are also business models that will show favorable probability that if the US and North America were to pump enough oil (closer to 25% of overall demand) and stop supporting the world production market (hype) -- we produce what we need here, and we also build just 2 or 3 gasoline refineries. The prices at the pump here would take a dive, and this trend would not allow the OPECsters to speculate pricing up. Statistical studies are guesses at predicting reality, and in this industry, claims like this mean nothing. Pump more here, limit exports, refine it, and deliver it. Do these things and watch what happens.

fb1742
fb1742

So it wasnt Bush Cheney and Halliburton controlling oil prices for 2000-2008? Dang it I wish AP would have gotten around to putting this little factoid out 10 years ago. Alot of liberal brains exploded because they were told it was the Texas oilman's fault.

breeze6839
breeze6839

If you're driving a 15 mpg behemoth then you're part of the problem. Nobody promised Americans that they'd get cheap gas in exchange for driving huge SUV's, that's your own fault.

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