As governor of South Dakota, Dennis Daugaard has both the pleasure and the responsibility of being the final word on which new laws are enacted in our state.
After lawmakers have done their part — by proposing, debating, amending and finally approving legislation — the final version of a bill is presented to the governor. At that point, he essentially has five options, according to Kelsey Pritchard, a spokeswoman in Daugaard's office.
Within five days, he can sign the bill into law, at which point it is filed with the Secretary of State and the originating chamber is notified. He can veto the measure (which usually includes a veto message explaining his decision), use his powers of line-item veto, or style-and-form level veto, or he can simply do nothing, which in essence is the same as signing it because the measure officially then becomes law without his signature, Pritchard said.
Often, the bill signings are rather mundane affairs, Pritchard said, noting that "it's pretty efficient; he signs them pretty quickly." In those cases, the bills are delivered to the governor and he signs them, or doesn't, in his office.
But on other occasions, there is some pomp and circumstance, either with bill sponsors present, or in the case of major measures, at formal signings in the Capitol rotunda with many affected parties, constituents and lawmakers present.
Before signing, the governor is handed a copy of the bill in its entirety, but Pritchard said that in most cases he doesn't have to sit and read the legal language because he is well aware what is contained within.
"It's a pretty determined process," she said. "Throughout the process, we stay engaged and try to understand which bills he supports and which bills he may want to veto. It's not like at the last minute, like it's on the governor's desk and he says, 'Well, I should veto this.'"
Vetoes have been fairly rare during recent years. Pritchard said that in 2012, there were four vetoes, one line-item veto, and one style-and-form veto; in 2013 there was one veto and two line-item vetoes; and in 2014 only one bill was vetoed.
So far in the 2015 session, no vetoes have been issued. Meanwhile, many bills have been signed already. Here is a list of bills that were approved by both chambers of the Legislature and signed into law as of Friday, Feb. 27:
SB 28 — authorizes the Board of Regents to sell a parcel of property on the South Dakota State University campus to the City of Brookings.
SB 12 — An Act to allow the spouse of an active duty military person to qualify as a resident for a temporary permit to carry a concealed pistol.
SB 19 — An Act to revise certain provisions regarding references to the Internal Revenue Code.
SB 20 — An Act to revise the age that a manufactured home or mobile home will be considered real property.
SB 21 — An Act to revise the income guidelines for the paraplegic property tax relief program.
HB 1007 — An Act to revise and update certain provisions relating to the South Dakota Retirement System.
HB 1008 — An Act to provide for a consistent refund methodology for members of the South Dakota Retirement System and their beneficiaries.
HB 1009 — An Act to limit the recovery of certain over-payments made by the South Dakota Retirement System.
HB 1010 — An Act to revise certain provisions relating to disability and surviving spouse benefits for members of the South Dakota Retirement System.
HB 1011 — An Act to provide for automatic increases in the accounts of automatically-enrolled participants of the deferred compensation plan of the South Dakota Retirement System.
HB 1014 — An Act to repeal certain obsolete and unnecessary statutes relating to the Department of Environment and Natural Resources.
HB 1026 — An Act to revise certain provisions related to the Department of Labor and Regulation.
HB 1053 — An Act to repeal and revise certain outdated provisions related to the Department of Game, Fish and Parks.
HB 1054 — An Act to revise certain record-keeping and inspection requirements for fur dealers.
HB 1061 — An Act to repeal an outdated and obsolete provision related to transferring cases from inferior courts to circuit courts.
HB 1062 — An Act to revise certain provisions relating to jury selection.
HB 1065 — An Act to revise certain provisions related to voting trusts and agreements.
HB 1051 — An Act to revise various trust and trust company provisions.
HB 1057 — An Act to make an appropriation to reimburse certain eligible health care professionals who have complied with the requirements of the rural health care facility recruitment assistance program and to declare an emergency.
HB 1063 — An Act to revise the notice provisions for the name change of a minor child.
HB 1076 — An Act to permit the submission of a title insurance policy in lieu of an abstract in certain instances.
HB 1085 — An Act to revise certain provisions regarding the requirement for performance securities.
HB 1099 — An Act to revise certain provisions related to transferable interests in limited liability partnerships.
HB 1119 — An Act to revise certain adoption proceedings regarding the adult adoption of biological children.
HB 1120 — An Act to revise the provisions related to phase in rate plans for plant additions.
HB 1136 — An Act to revise certain provisions concerning the administration of unlocatable mineral, leasehold, or royalty interests.
HB 1178 — An Act to provide for the creation of an entity for the purpose of insurance contracts in certain instances.
HB 1180 — An Act to revise certain provisions regarding the regulation of captive insurance companies.
SB 107 — An Act to increase the period an instructor permit is valid and to revise the requirements to upgrade to an operator's license or a restricted minor's permit.
SB 14 — An Act to provide for the possession and administration of opioid antagonists by first responders for the treatment of drug overdoses.
SB 15 — An Act to allow for discretionary appeals of illegal sentences.
SB 22 — An Act to revise the penalty for altering a registration device issued by a dealer.
SB 34 — An Act to revise certain provisions concerning the administration of benefits provided to veterans and to declare an emergency.
SB 46 — An Act to make an appropriation of other fund expenditure authority to the Department of Agriculture for the construction of the Nordby Exhibit Hall at the South Dakota State Fair and to declare an emergency.
SB 61 — An Act to place certain substances on the controlled substances schedule and to declare an emergency.
HB 1001 — An Act to establish a wine direct shipment license and wine carrier license to enable the direct shipments of certain wine in South Dakota.
HB 1004 — An Act to authorize the direct sale of distilled spirits from artisan distillers to retailers and wholesalers.
HB 1071 — An Act to revise the number of signatures required for a nominating petition for sanitary district trustees.
HB 1104 — An Act to revise certain provisions regarding the notification procedure for payment of delinquent special assessments.
SB 23 — An Act to revise certain provisions regarding the ownership and management of the South Dakota Art Museum.
SB 31 — An Act to revise certain provisions regarding coordination of benefits between health plans.
SB 32 — An Act to revise certain provisions regarding veteran's preference for all veterans who are United States citizens who seek employment with the state, a county, or a municipality.
HB 1016 — An Act to revise certain provisions regarding references for auditing standards used by the Department of Revenue.
HB 1018 — An Act to revise the sales and use tax exemptions for farm machinery.
HB 1019 — An Act to revise certain provisions regarding exemptions from sales and use taxation of farm machinery, attachment units, and irrigation equipment used exclusively for agricultural purposes.
HB 1025 — An Act to revise certain provisions regarding banks and banking.
HB 1028 — An Act to revise certain provisions regarding money transmitters and money transmissions.
HB1036 — An Act to codify legislation enacted in 2014.
HB 1045 — An Act to revise certain provisions regarding licensure of dentists and dental hygienists and registration of dental auxiliaries.
HB 1006 — An Act to allow bullheads to be used as bait.
HB 1033 — An Act to repeal the South Dakota Energy Infrastructure Authority.
HB 1034 — An Act to repeal certain outdated and unnecessary statutes related to the Wind Energy Competitive Advisory Task Force.
HB 1035 — An Act to revise certain provisions regarding military specialty plates.
HB 1037 — An Act to revise certain provisions related to the regulation of public utilities.
HB 1038 — An Act to revise certain provisions related to the siting of energy facilities.
HB 1039 — An Act to revise certain provisions related to the regulation of grain buyers and grain warehouses.
HB 1040 — An Act to revise the statute of frauds within the uniform commercial code with respect to the sale of pulse crops.
HB 1044 — An Act to revise certain provisions regarding educational personnel certification and discipline.
HB 1052 — An Act to revise certain provisions regarding the regulation of insurance holding companies.
HB 1056 — An Act to revise certain provisions regarding the Department of Agriculture.
HB 1068 — An Act to revise when a court can grant a cross credit on child support.
HB 1069 — An Act to limit the authority of delegates to a limited Article V convention to vote for unauthorized amendments contrary to legislative instructions and to provide a civil fine for the violation thereof.
HB 1084 — An Act to expand collateral eligible to be pledged as security for public deposits.
HB 1088 — An Act to permit procurement of certain disability insurance from a non-admitted insurer.
HB 1091 — An Act to require that the minutes of meetings of any state board or commission include a record of how each individual member voted on certain motions.
HB 1098 — An Act to authorize extended terms of lease for airport facilities.
HB 1111 — An Act to increase the costs and expenses considered reasonable for the collection of certain dishonored checks.
HB 1132 — An Act to revise certain provisions regarding the titling of motor vehicles, boats, mobile homes, and manufactured homes and the issuance of temporary permits by licensed dealers.
SB 16 — An Act to revise certain provisions safeguarding law enforcement radio communications.
SB 18 — An Act to establish certain administrative provisions regarding charitable raffles, lotteries, and bingo and to make violations of these provisions subject to the Deceptive Trade Practice and Consumer Protection Act.
SB 40 — An Act to revise certain provisions regarding the federal motor carrier regulations.
SB 77 — An Act to allow nursing mothers to breastfeed in certain locations.
SB 85 — An Act to repeal certain requirements regarding the handlebar height on motorcycles.